SIMBOLOGIA VIKINGA

 

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We have already talked about escritura runica in this blog. Today it’s time to comment on the simbolos vikingos, another aspect that can call our attention to this medieval culture.

Like all peoples of their time, the Vikingos were a superstitious people. The Nordic people had talisman and symbols with supposed magical powers. To improve their performance in battle, to succeed in business, to scare away evil creatures…

All these simbolos vikingos appear on rune stones, engraved on shields and even on the graffiti of the time: inscriptions that the antiguos nordicos left throughout Europe. Today, simbologia vikinga is a source of inspiration for tatuajes vikingos..

Vegvísir

The Vegvísir is a simbolo magico that aims to guide travelers during a day of bad weather. Its design resembles the compass rosa de los vientos points. It seems evident its relationship with the gadget known as the brujula vikinga, a sophisticated object with which the ancient Nordic sailors oriented themselves on foggy or cloudy days.

Valknut

Three intertwined triangles form Valknut, which can be translated as «knot of the warriors». It is also known by the names of the nodo de Odin, the Heart of the Fallen and the corazón de Hrungnir (a giant killed by Thor who had a heart in the form of a triangle).

he Valknut is associated with the cult of Odin and is present in funerary contexts and in runic stones. Some researchers interpret that this sign was related to Odin magical power to bind and unbind: this god could block the minds of warriors to leave them defenseless.

Another theory points out that the three triangles represented the nueve mundos deYggdrasil. Thus, the first triangle would symbolize Asgard, Vanaheim and Jötunheim; the second would refer to Midgard, Alfheim and Svartálfheim; and the third to Muspelheim, Nilfheim and Helheim.

On the other hand, according to the line, two types of valknut can be distinguished.

Valknut unicursal

It can be drawn in a single stroke. Among other findings, it has been found engraved on the Tängelgårda stone (Gotland, Sweden), dated in the 7th century.

The valknut tricursal

The arrangement of the triangles is less narrow than in the Valknut unicursal.This variant of the symbol has been found in the piedra de Stora Hammars (Gotland, Sweden), as well as in a ring found in the river Nene (England) and in a bed that was part of the funerary trousseau of the ship of Oseberg (Norway, dated in the year 834).
Valknut tricursal

Ægishjálmur

Another well-known simbolos vikingos is the Ægishjálmur. It is a protective sign of Icelandic origin. It is known as the «mask of terror», and was painted on the foreheads of warriors before battle. The sagas testify to the use of the Ægishjálmur, drawn between the eyes and supposedly making the wearer invincible and frightening the enemies.

Aegishjalmur

Besides sagas like Volsunga or Eyrbyggja, we can find the simbolo Ægishjálmur in the pages of the already mentioned Galdrabók.

Cruz troll

As we know, mitología vikinga contains fantastic creatures with evil intentions. The cruz troll was a simbolo nordico that worked as a talisman to scare away trolls and elves.

Ottastafur

The Ottastafur was a sign that was placed on shields and other weapons to frighten.

Like the Ottastafur, this symbol carved into armas vikingass was intended to instill fear in the enemy.

Ygrgugnir

Another well-known simbolo de los vikingos is Ygrgugnir. It represents Odin’s Gungnir spear, and was engraved on the tip of the spears so that they would not miss their target.

Simbolo vikingo Ygrgugnir

Three intertwined horns form the Triskel vikingo a sign t
o represent Odin or wisdom and poetic inspiration. Specifically, this simbolo nordicorepresents the three horns in which the blood of the dios Kvasir was deposited, mixed with honey to make the mead of poetry.

Triskel cuernos

Three horns of hidromiel Odin drank to receive the gift of poetry. The horns are called Odroerir, Boðn and Són. It is carved in the Snoldelev stone (Denmark), among other rune stones.

Kaupaloki

The Vikingos were, besides warriors, farmers and navigators, famous traders. That’s why they also had the Kaupaloki, a talisman that favored commercial transactions… and, for the bad tongues, even fraud.